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By Alger F. Johns

This common grammar e-book of biblical Aramaic, utilized by scholars at many seminaries and universities, is the one one to incorporate graded workouts on the shut of every of its twenty classes.

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Extra resources for A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic

Sample text

Standing alone, it often has the force of a subordinate conjunction, whose exact meaning must be gathered from the context (see the vocabulary. Lesson III). It is often found in compound conjunctions. It is also compounded with the preposition s : " w h e n , " " a s soon a s . " XBppi 3. : X-'n-n"? •'1 Krni3M xnaDn "wisdom and might are His" (Dan. 2:20). 4. Interrogative Pronouns: In BA there are two interrogative pronouns, -JO " w h o ? " and n a " w h a t ? " The interrogative pronoun is sometimes used as a relative, sometimes alone, but usually as a compound (indefinite) relative pronoun.

A) Peal: the perfect is quite regular, and the infinitive does not occur. ) r T ; (plural) p s T j (passive) v - T [note the p a t h a h furtive] (B) Haphel: t h e occurrences in t h e Haphel show that was an original Pe Waw verb, and all t h e forms are only irregular in accordance with the normal pattern for a Pe Waw Haphel, and also in those places where having a Lamedh Laryngeal affects t h e vocalization. 8. Pe Aleph Verbs: In general t h e aleph quiesces whenever it does not have its own vowel.

Pp (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > Vsp. (analogical extension of t h e characteristic vowel of t h e imperfect to t h e perfect) > "7Bp_ (see I H ) . ppn> 'rppn (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > Vppn (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of t h e imperfect to t h e perfect) > "pppg (see I H ) . BpN> VpjPX (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > VppjN (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of the imperfect t o the perfect) > VpplS. ^ (shift of accent and loss of final vowel) > bppv (analogical extension of the characteristic vowel of the imperfect t o the perfect).

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