By Robert Bialik, Mariusz Majdański, Mateusz Moskalik
Over the final six many years, the sector of geophysics has skilled speedy improvement. Seismic tools, magnetic experiences, hydrology and atmospheric sciences have extended because of a increase within the desktop sciences and size ideas. The frontiers of geophysics have additionally multiplied, now together with examine at the polar parts, either Arctic and Antarctic. these types of occasions are basically mirrored within the 60-year-long background of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences. This quantity describes the main admired achievements, the heritage of analysis and likewise the long run capability of the Institute of Geophysics PAS. It describes measurements in a number of initiatives, equipment of analyzing medical information, and final yet now not least the folks who've pushed this examine in lots of medical projects.
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Extra info for Achievements, History and Challenges in Geophysics: 60th Anniversary of the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences
In Mikołów in Upper Silesia, the Society of The Experimental Mine ‘‘Barbara’’ built a magnetic station, which worked in the years 1925–1939. Magnetic declination was measured for the mine surveying purposes. On the Roots of the Institute of Geophysics 31 Fig. 1 Some of the modern instruments installed in the 1920s at the newly-built S´wider Observatory. Top The Kew magnetometer of the Cambridge Scient. Instr. Co. Bottom The Sartorius magnetometer for magnetic declination measurements. Photos taken in the observatory museum by K.
Prace Geograf 127:7–30 Gi_zejewski J (2011) Działalnos´c´ polarna Towarzystwa Geofizyków w Warszawie (The polar activities of the Society of Geophysicists in Warsaw). Przegla˛d Geof. 56(3–4):291–296 Hanik J (1986) Katedra Geofizyki Uniwersytetu Jagiellon´skiego (1895–1919) (Chair of Geophysics at the Jagiellonian University, 1895–1919). Przegla˛d Geof 31(3):339–345 Jankowska WA (1986) Obserwatorium Sejsmologiczne imienia Ireny Bóbr-Modrakowej w Warszawie (seismological observatory in warsaw). Przegla˛d Geof 31(2):193–200 Józ´wiak W, Jankowski J, Ernst T (this issue) Natural variations of the geomagnetic field— observations and application to study of the Earth’s interior and ionosphere Korja T (2007) How is the European lithosphere imaged by magnetotellurics?
Maj and K. P. Teisseyre Some branches of geophysics, like meteorology and climatology, were also among the disciplines taught and studied at the Stefan Batory University in Wilno (presently the Vilnius University), Poznan´ University (founded in 1919; presently the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan´), or in the Main Agricultural School (presently the Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW). The role of the Mining Academy in Cracow, instituted in 1919 (now the AGH University of Mining and Technology), was also significant.