By E. J. Holmyard
Alchemy is believed to have originated over 2000 years in the past in Hellenic Egypt, the results of 3 converging streams: Greek philosophy, Egyptian expertise and the mysticism of center japanese religions. Its heyday used to be from approximately 800 A.D. to the center of the 17th century, and its practitioners ranged from kings, popes, and emperors to minor clergy, parish clerks, smiths, dyers, and tinkers. Even such entire males as Roger Bacon, Thomas Aquinas, Sir Thomas Browne and Isaac Newton got interested in alchemical matters.
In its look for the "Philosopher's Stone" that may transmute base metals into silver and gold, alchemy took on many philosophical, spiritual and mystical overtones. those and plenty of different elements of alchemy are explored with huge, immense perception and erudition during this vintage paintings. E. J. Holmyard, a famous pupil within the box, starts with the alchemists of old Greece and China and is going directly to speak about alchemical gear, Islamic and early Western alchemy; indicators, symbols, and mystery phrases; Paracelsus; English, Scottish and French alchemists; Helvetius, rate, and Semler, and masses more.
Ranging over millennia of alchemical heritage, Mr. Holmyard exhibits how, like astrology and witchcraft, alchemy was once an essential component of the pre-scientific ethical order, arousing the cupidity of princes, the blind worry of mobs and the highbrow interest of realized males. ultimately, although, with the arrival and ascension of the clinical technique, the hopes and ideas of the alchemists light to the prestige of "pseudo-science." That transformation, in addition to alchemy's indisputable position as a precursor of contemporary chemistry, are brilliantly illuminated during this e-book. scholars of alchemy, chemistry, the historical past of technological know-how, and the occult, plus somebody attracted to the beginning and evolution of 1 of mankind's such a lot enduring and influential myths, probably want to have a duplicate of this masterly examine.
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Georges Bataille (1897-1962)
Georges Bataille used to be born in Billon, Puy-de-Dôme, in crucial France. His mom was once suicidal, (though by no means winning in her makes an attempt) and his father used to be a strict disciplinarian who later in existence suffered from health problems regarding complex syphilis and died in 1915. on the time, Bataille used to be a deeply non secular guy; he switched over to Catholicism on the outset of WWI, or even joined the seminary at Saint-Fleur with the goal of changing into a clergyman, and later with the Benedictine congregation at Quarr, at the Isle of Wright. He served within the military in 1916-17, yet was once quickly discharged as a result of his bad well-being as a result of tuberculosis, from which he suffered so much of his existence. His non secular pursuits unexpectedly ended with a lack of religion, and from 1918-22 Bataille studied thirteenth century verse on the École des Chartres in Paris. He additionally held a fellowship on the college of complicated Hispanic stories in Madrid.
In the 1920's Bataille linked himself with the Surrealists, although his perspectives frequently differed from these of the influential André Breton, major Bataille to claim himself "an enemy from within" the move. at the present he underwent psychoanalytic therapy with nice luck, allowing him to write down. He based and edited many courses that mirrored his pursuits in sociology, faith and literature. integrated in his early tours have been the 1st guides of Barthes, Foucault and Derrida. He married his first spouse, the actress Silvia Maklès, divorcing her in 1934. She went directly to marry best psychoanalyst, Jacques Lacan, to whom Bataille was once additionally shut. He edited and published records (1929-31) and in 1935 he cofounded an anti-Fascist team, Contre-Attaque, with Breton. His pursuits within the sacred and profane manifested within the formation of the short-lived Collège de Sociologie, co-founded in 1939 with Michel Lieris and Roger Callois.
Bataille's existence from 1922-44 used to be an strange mix of sporadic paintings, the widespread vacationing of bordellos, and unwell overall healthiness. He labored as a librarian on the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, till his nightlife and his problems with tuberculosis threatened his courting to such paintings. In 1946 Bataille married Diane de Beauharnais; they'd one daughter. In 1949 he used to be back operating as a librarian, this time in Carpentras, Provence, although years later he left to take in an identical paintings back in Orléans. His monetary problems worsened, and in 1961 Picasso, Max Ernst and Juan Miro prepared an public sale in their work to assist Bataille's starting to be accounts. although, Bataille died the next 12 months, now not lengthy after publishing his final ebook, the Tears of Eros in 1961.
A accomplished instruction manual of greater than 1,000 magical phrases, words, symbols, and mystery alphabets
• Explains the origins, derivatives, and useful utilization of every be aware, word, and spell in addition to how they are often mixed for customized spells
• in response to the mystical traditions of Europe, Greece, and Egypt and lately came across specific grimoires from Scandinavia, France, and Germany
• comprises an in-depth exploration of mystery magical alphabets, together with these in line with Hebrew letters, Kabbalistic symbols, astrological indicators, and runes
From Abracadabra to the now recognized spells of the Harry Potter sequence, magic phrases aren't any longer limited to the practices of pagans, alchemists, witches, and occultists. they've got turn into a part of the preferred mind's eye of the Western international. handed down from historical Babylon, Egypt, and Greece, those phrases and the rituals surrounding them have survived during the millennia simply because they paintings. And as student Claude Lecouteux finds, usually the extra impenetrable they appear, the greater they're.
Analyzing greater than 7,000 spells from the paranormal traditions of Europe in addition to the mystical papyri of the Greeks and lately stumbled on unique grimoires from Scandinavia, France, and Germany, Lecouteux has compiled a entire dictionary of old magic phrases, words, and spells in addition to an in-depth exploration--the first in English--of mystery magical alphabets, together with these in keeping with Hebrew letters, Kabbalistic symbols, astrological symptoms, and runes. Drawing upon hundreds of thousands of medieval debts and well-known manuscripts comparable to the Heptameron of Peter Abano, the writer examines the origins of every be aware or spell, supplying designated directions on their profitable use, even if for cover, love, wealth, or therapeutic. He charts their evolution and derivations during the centuries, exhibiting, for instance, how spells that have been as soon as meant to place out fires developed to guard humans from witchcraft. He finds the inherent versatility of magic phrases and the way each one sorcerer or witch had a collection of inventory words they'd mix to construct a customized spell for the mystical desire handy.
Presenting a wealth of fabric on magical phrases, symptoms, and charms, either universal and vague, Lecouteux additionally explores the paranormal phrases and spells of historic Scandinavia, the Hispano-Arabic magic of Spain earlier than the Reconquista, the traditions handed down from historical Egypt, and those who have stayed in use till the current day.
Within the culture of William Bramley, Laurence Gardener and Erich von Daniken, Michael Tsarion considers the implications to civilization of extraterrestrial involvement and seeks to elucidate the various quandaries that different "visitation" specialists have neglected. His ebook clarifies the disinformation approximately Atlantis and the misplaced continents of prehistory.
Extra info for Alchemy (Dover Books on Engineering)
Although problems and conflicts of the characters in poem the are nicely one resolved, strongly that ultimate resolutions have somehow feels slipped away, leaving greater mysteries. " find James Merrill may hard to systematize the work. it were possible. that the 'truth' after explains, "This all, a I What does come through is self-revising constant — process like of any self- OUMA AND 46 THE HELPFUL VOICES Both David Jackson and James Merrill are characters in the trilogy. The "story" of the poem is, in part, a history of their experiences with the Ouija board, their travels to Europe with personalities their it, met use of their it, reactions to the via the board, etc.
The court alive, ruled that Twain's name could not appear in the book, although they ruled that Twain's likeness could appear on the frontispiece. 5 THE OUIJA, JANE ROBERTS AND THE CALLING OF SETH use The paranormal of opment the Ouija board often leads to further experiences. Pearl Curran and the devel- powers is a good example. By 1919, she had abandoned the Ouija board for the end of of her psychic direct voice mediumship. Patience began speaking directly through Pearl's body, a radical evolution.
With Scripts for the Pageant, the third book, Merrill did very little editing. Except for small changes and decisions about structure, the material attributed to the Ouija board appears in poem the as it was originally dictated and transcribed. Openly working with the Ouija board does not embarrass Merrill. " As for the Ouija transcriptions incorporated into the poem, Merrill describes the compositions of children, all originals as looking like the "drunken lines of capitals lurching across the page, gibberish" until punctuated and divided into words, sentences and paragraphs.